What is game development?
Game development is the art of developing a game through concept creation, design, construction, testing, and publication of the game, which includes game mechanics, rewards, player interactions, and level design. A game developer might be a programmer, a sound designer, an artist, or a designer. Gaming is just the manipulation of game components and interaction with the gaming idea. Any large game development studio or any individual with experience in gaming and development may work on a game. To participate in the game development process, you must write code, whereas an artist may build or design assets, and a tester can ensure that the game functions as planned. Tools such as libGDX and OpenGL were created specifically to overcome difficulties with gaming frameworks. They give a variety of custom-built functions and features that have made game production faster and easier. Game engines like CryEngine, Unreal Engine, Unity Game Engine, Game Maker, Construction 2 or 3, Twine, Source, Frostbite, Buildbox were created to assist folks who did not come from a programming background but had a strong interest in game production, making it simple to comprehend the framework of gaming and development. The game engine takes a more user-friendly approach to the framework by employing a graphic user interface (GUI), which aids in-game graphic production. The CryEngine and Unreal Engine are user-friendly but have a high learning curve, but other tools are accessible to anybody with a beginner level of skill and do not require you to write code to develop an entire game.
Software used in Game Development: –
- Adobe Animate.
- Android Studio.
- Adventure Game Studio.
- Game Maker Studio.
- Unreal Engine.
- Pixel Game Maker MV.
Stages of Game development
Game production is similar to any other project in that it begins with a concept, visualization, planning, designing, and materializing it into a shippable product. There are several processes required in producing an absolutely interactive game, including: –
- Discovery: The discovery stage is the first step in turning a concept into a game. It specifies the scope of the game as well as the need to get it to a release date. The discovery stage might span a month or two, depending on the project scope, resources required, and budget available. It is being worked on by a team of Solution Architects, Game Designers, and Art Directors. Here, Designers generate a single document known as Game Design Document Creation, which contains all of the game’s rules and descriptions, namely Game Machine Description, User flow UX Charts, Customization Design, and Meta-Game Design.
- Art-Style: The art director and team work on the product’s visual style, designing the aesthetics, appearance, and feel. The visual style of the game comprises concepts such as background/environment, character, some iconography with 3D models of characters or objects such as weapons, 3D animations, and VFX concepts or we can say Prototypes for how precisely the final effect may look like. Requirements for graphics, such as Polygon Budget depending on target devices, texture Resolution, and animation requirements, are also included in Art-Style.
- Technology Stack:-Here, the Solution Architect and Tech Lead enter the scene, identifying the technologies required for the development process.
- Planning:-It comprises a description of the resources required to construct the game, the time required to develop a game, deliverables produced along the process, and a financial breakdown.
- Production:-It is the most time-consuming step of the game production process. The team members here refine the plot, game machine, balance, pace, and gameplay, as well as all assets such as characters, creatures, props, environments, and so on. They also make the rules for the players, design the levels and sceneries, and develop the code. The gameplay, characters, items, level of difficulty, and scenarios must all be carefully designed.
Every production works on production milestones which include:-
- Prototypes:- A video game prototype is the initial stage of development used to determine whether or not a game concept will work and is worth pursuing. It’s an unpolished test that looks at functionality, user experience, gameplay, mechanics, and art style.
- First Playable:- It gives a better idea of the game look but is still not a final stage of the game.
- Per- alpha: – Most of the concept is designed in the pre-alpha stage. The concept gets cut or new assets are added to improve the gaming experience.
- Vertical slice:-Vertical slice provides personal knowledge of the game in the form of a fully playable version that may be used to present your game to clients, studios, or investors.
- Alpha:- The game is fully loaded with features and is playable from start to finish, as well as controls and functions that operate correctly, but some components, such as art details, may still need to be added.
- Beta:-By this point, all of the assets have been aligned, and the team is concentrating on upgrades and other fixes rather than introducing new capabilities or features. The QA tester ensures that everything runs well and reports any flaws to the side.
- Release Candidate:- the game is ready to use and can be published and launched to the public.
- Testing:-For quality control, every feature and mechanic in the game must be tested. This step ensures that all faults or levels, rendering on the screen, character motions, character conversations, and other details are correct. Play testers put the stress test to the test by dashing into walls hundreds of times in order to crash the game. Some play testers assess the game’s entertainment factor and difficulty level. Depending on how detailed the in-game elements are, the game should be ready for Alpha and beta release after numerous rounds of testing.
- Release:-The game is still being refined as much as possible by the developers before it is released. When the game has been thoroughly tested, it is made available to the general public.
Game Development Market Size
Source report:- https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210924005365/en/Insights-on-the-Game-Development-Software-Global-Market-to-2026—Featuring-Adobe-Autodesk-and-Epic-Games-Among-Others—ResearchAndMarkets.com
The Global Game Development Market is growing at a rapid pace. According to a report from research and markets, the Global Game Development Software Market was valued at USD 957.27 million in 2020 and is predicted to grow at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 9.95 % to USD 1,691.82 million by 2026. The potential of the Indian market for game development is huge. According to report presented by Xsolla, Every month an Indian user downloads more than 1 billion gaming applications from the play store. In 2019, the online video gaming market was worth around 65 billion rupees, or $850 million. It surpassed $1 billion in 2020 and is currently valued at $1.83 billion, beating estimates by over a billion dollars. By 2026, it will be a $4 billion opportunity. In India, more than 400 million individuals play online video games, accounting for 31% of the total population. In terms of average weekly hours spent on online video games, India has risen to third position, trailing only China and Vietnam. That equates to almost nine hours each week, which is more than the global average.
- Based on Platform:- The market was investigated in the areas of audio engine, game engine, gaming tools, and physics engine.
- Based on Operations:- IT Asset Management, In-game Analytics, Multi-player Gaming Network, Physics Simulation, Player Management, Prototyping, and Virtual Reality were all investigated in the industry.
- Based on Region:- The market was researched in the Americas, Asia-Pacific, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, and the United States are all studying the Americas in more depth. California, Florida, Illinois, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Texas are all investigated further. Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand are all examined deeper. Europe, the Middle East, and Africa are further investigated in France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Spain, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom.
Covid-19 Impact on Game Development industry
With many individuals worldwide at home and unable to work, online gaming saw record numbers of players during the pandemic as a popular hobby to prevent physical separation for society, a measure advocated by the World Health Organization that helped raise earnings for many gaming industries. There have nevertheless been negative effects on the industry, most notably the cancellation or postponement of key trade shows such as E3 2020, which may have harmed ties between smaller developers and publishers. This has had an especially negative impact on Indian creators, who often use these events to connect with possible partners to acquire finance and publisher support, forcing them to postpone or cancel projects. Animal Crossing: New Horizons was particularly remarkable, with people all around the world looking to the game’s reproduction of everyday routines and social networking capabilities as a substitute for the disruption of normalcy caused by the pandemic whereas Fall Guys and Among Us were especially popular at the period, with the former being published during the epidemic and the latter experiencing a boom in popularity. Some non-online games, like as The Longing, were also symbolically compared to the pandemic. Microsoft Flight Simulator, which was initially launched in August 2020, was widely used during the epidemic because many people perceived it as a safer alternative to flying.
Job Opportunities and Job Roles in game development.
According to statement stated by ManvendraShukul , The gaming sector as a whole is predicted to increase from INR 14,000 crore in 2019 to INR 62,000 crore in 2024. Game Game design and development is one of the most popular career options among India’s millennials. There is no question that game development careers in India have emerged as attractive job possibilities that may help us construct a bright future. From X-Boxes to PlayStations, GTA to PUBG, gaming has evolved into a highly competitive industry that is increasing at a rate of 50% each year. The average salary of Game developer in India varies between 1,30,000 lakhs to 12,30,000 lakhs per annum.
- Game Designer
- Narrative Deisgner
- Game Animator/ Visual Artist
- Sound Designer
- Audio Engineer
- Game Developer/ Programmer
- Game tester
- DevOps Engineer
- Game Journalist
Pros and cons of being a Game developer
- You can utilize your passion for programming, try out different languages and algorithms, set up unique logic.
- Sky is the limit when career meets passion.
- Gamers will admire your work. Your efforts will get appreciated or maybe you’ll find your own fan base.
- This job is creative unlike other monotonous jobs every day is new challenge, new design, new edit.
- It’s a risk-free career to pursue.
- Game development requires high set if skills which you’ll gain from years of experience and practice.
- This field requires patients, precision and persuasive ability. Here dedication is everything.
- Sometimes you have to follow some orders which will limit your scope to get creative with the story.
- Long time to find and fix any bugs with in-game code.
- As the gaming industry is developing rapidly, there is huge competition to get into this career.